Bowlbys ethological theory of attachment

Infant attachment[ edit ] The attachment system serves to achieve or maintain proximity to the attachment figure. In close physical proximity this system is not activated, and the infant can direct its attention to the outside world.

Bowlbys ethological theory of attachment

Northwestern University This paper critically reviews the ethological attachment theory as proposed by Bowlby and Ainsworth in order to examine if attachment theory is a great idea in personality. The most important aspects of attachment theory are presented and two critical questions are posed.

The first question is, Can attachment theory be supported by empirical evidence? To answer this question, a variety of studies will be reviewed, each of which examines a specific aspect of attachment theory.

Bowlbys ethological theory of attachment

The second question is whether the phenomena explained by creators and proponents of ethological attachment theory could have been explained differently, using other psychological mechanisms. These are two criteria that must be met if attachment theory Bowlbys ethological theory of attachment to be considered a great idea.

Attachment is the strong emotional bond that develops between infant and caregiver, providing the infant with emotional security.

By the second half of the first year, infants have become attached to familiar people who have responded to their need for physical care and stimulation. How this attachment develops has been a topic of intense theoretical debate.

Theories that attempt to explain attachment are abundant but scientifically verifiable explanations have been elusive. How does attachment develop and which factors affect it?

Is attachment security a stable factor? How is attachment security measured? These are all questions of great theoretical and practical interest that can be answered from diverse perspectives.

One group of clinicians and researchers, known as attachment theorists, claims that they have found some answers and are close to finding others. But although they have impressed many of their colleagues, and changed some of our most basic opinions about early child development, their accomplishments have often been met with skepticism and opposition.

The view that is widely accepted today is the ethological theory of attachment. Ethology Ethology is concerned with the adaptive, or survival, value of behavior and its evolutionary history Hinde, It was first applied to research on children in the s, but has become more influential in recent years.

The origins of ethology can be traced to the work of Darwin.

Bowlbys ethological theory of attachment

Its modern foundations were laid by two European zoologists, Lorenz and Tinbergen Dewsbury, Watching the behaviors of animal species in their natural habitats, Lorenz and Tinbergen observed behavioral patterns that promote survival.

The most well known of these is imprinting, the early following behavior of certain baby birds that ensures that the young will stay close to the mother, and be fed, and protected from danger. According to the ethological view, babies are biologically prepared to contribute actively to establish a bond with their caregivers, which promotes the chances for their individual genes to survive.

Although ethology emphasizes the genetic and biological roots of development, learning is also considered important because it lends flexibility and adaptiveness to behavior.☆ bowlby’s ethological theory Ethological Theory of Attachment recognizes infant’s emotional tie to the caregiver as an evolved response that promotes survival.

John Bowlby induced this idea for infant-caregiver bond. Bowlby’s attachment theory was tested using the `strange situation`. Children’s responses to their mother’s presence and absence, and that of a stranger, were recorded [4].

Adult Attachment Theory and Research

These results served as the basis for the formulation of attachment styles. ☆ BOWLBY’S ETHOLOGICAL THEORY. Ethological Theory of Attachment recognizes infant’s emotional tie to the caregiver as an evolved response that promotes survival. John Bowlby induced this idea for infant-caregiver bond.

Bowlby’s attachment theory was tested using the `strange situation`. Children’s responses to their mother’s presence and absence, and that of a stranger, were recorded [4].

These results served as the basis for the formulation of attachment styles.

A Brief Overview of Adult Attachment Theory and Research | R. Chris Fraley

In Bowlby's Ethological Theory "Attachment"provides an internal working model that becomes a guide for all future close relationships Loss of Attachment is the basis for. Attachment theory explains how the parent-child relationship emerges and influences subsequent development.

Bowlby’s attachment theory was tested using the `strange situation`. Children’s responses to their mother’s presence and absence, and that of a stranger, were recorded [4]. These results served as the basis for the formulation of attachment styles. According to Bowlby's Attachment Theory, attachment is a psychological connectedness that occurs between humans and lasts for a long period of time. To Bowlby, attachment is what keeps a baby connected to his mother, considering the needs of the child that can only be satisfied by his parent. Introduction Attachment theory has been jointly worked out by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. In presenting this theory, both of them have drawn out ideas from the fields of ethology, cybernetics, information processing, developmental psychology, and psychoanalysts.

Attachment theory in psychology originates with the seminal work of John Bowlby (). In the ’s John Bowlby worked as a psychiatrist in a Child Guidance Clinic in London, where he treated many emotionally disturbed children.

Attachment theory - Wikipedia