They encountered environmental challenges that were different from those they had known in Europe. Most important was the presence of uncultivated arable land. They adapted to the new environment in certain ways — the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. According to Turner, the forging of the unique and rugged American identity had to occur precisely at the juncture between the civilization of settlement and the savagery of wilderness.
This American spirit consisted of crossing continents and winning wilderness. He outlined the importance of civilization meeting savagery and emphasized the strength, power, and energy of the settlers who traveled westward.
He also proposed that there were three waves to settling the West. In his paper "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," presented in in Chicago, Frederick Jackson Turner glorified westward expansion as demonstrating the virtues of the American spirit. First, the pioneers built the cabins and tamed the land.
Next, the emigrants purchased the land, forming towns resulting in democracy and civilization. Lastly, men of capital and enterprise arrived and developed towns into bustling cities.
Turner also discussed the importance of free land and equated this free land with opportunity. Critics of this paper emphasize that this "free land" was not free.
Prior to westward expansion, Native Americans, Hispanics, and mixed race people inhabited the West and had their own cultures. Instead of being "settled," critics argue the land was conquered, forcing many peoples out of their homes and into reservations. The result of this wave of expansion also resulted in oppression and greed.
Towns sprang up as people flooded the West to search for gold.
Later, these settlements became ghost towns.The first frontier had to meet its Indian question, its question of the disposition of the public domain, of the means of intercourse with older settlements, of the extension of political organization, of religious and educational activity.
The frontier is the line of most rapid and effective Americanization. The wilderness masters the colonist. It finds him a European in dress, industries, tools, modes of ravel, and thought. Criticism Of Turner'S Frontier Thesis Popular Dissertation Chapter Ghostwriters Website For University, Sample Cover Letter For Primary Teaching Job, English The Dominant Language In Science English Language Essay Marketing Plan Strategy, Cheap Dissertation Methodology Writing Website Online, How To Write User Stories.
Frontier Thesis - Conservapedia The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis is the conclusion of Frederick Jackson Turner that called for a "new frontier" of achievement.
Despite criticism, Despite criticism. Critics Of The Frontier Thesis Frontier Thesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, Subsequent critics, historians, and politicians have suggested that other 'frontiers,' such as scientific innovation. The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in that American democracy was formed by the American frontier.
He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process.