Egypt and the nile

In harsh and arid seasons and droughts the blue Nile dries out completely. Before the placement of dams on the river the yearly discharge varied by a factor of 15 at Aswan. The wadi passes through Gharb Darfur near the northern border with Chad and meets up with the Nile near the southern point of the Great Bend. Satellite imagery was used to identify dry watercourses in the desert to the west of the Nile.

Egypt and the nile

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Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great The great days of Ancient Egypt fell between c. Egypt was a leading Middle Eastern power again between and BCE, and the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great felt the need to have himself crowned as pharaoh in BCE — which suggests that the civilization of the pharaohs still had life in it.

Egypt and the nile general, Ptolemy, on becoming independent ruler of the country in BCE, was also crowned pharaoh, and his line lasted down to the famous queen, Cleopatra, who died in 31 BCE.

During this time its culture changed out of all recognition. Location Egypt is situated in the Nile Valleyin the north east of Africa. At its greatest extent, in c. Government The Ancient Egyptian civilization produced the first government to rule an entire nation.

The Sumerianswho were the only other people to have a literate and urban civilization by BCE, lived in small city-states, each numbering no more than a few tens of thousand people. The unified kingdom of Egypt, on the other hand, covered an entire country thousands of square miles in size and with millions of inhabitants.

The Pharaoh was the ruler of Ancient Egypt, both politically and religiously.

Egypt and the nile

In Egyptian eyes, the pharaoh was a god himself, who stood between heaven and earth. His personal welfare and the welfare of the entire people were bound tightly together. Pharaoh was in charge of the army, and would go to war when his lands were threatened — demanding valuable gifts from the conquered people if victory was obtained.

Egypt was divided into nomes, which were administrative regions up to 42 of themeach governed by a nomarch.

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Pharaoh himself was surrounded in his palace by high officials, ministers and courtiers. He represented the Pharaoh in the administration of the land, treasury and legal system.

The Army Soldiers of ancient Egyptian armies were armed with bows and arrows, spears, and round-topped shields made from stretched animal skin over wooden frames. Weapons and armour continued to improve after the adoption of bronze: In the New Kingdom, chariots became a standard part of the army.

Egypt - Nile Valley and Delta

Pharaohs are often shown riding at the head of the army. Modern scholars tend to think this may be a propaganda device, as for a commander-in-chief to be fighting in the thick of the action alongside his troops would not necessarily have been the best place for him to be.

On occasion, however, he may well have done; many commanders in subsequent history have charged into battle in person when conditions called for this kind of example. The prime duty of the army was to defend Egypt against foreign invasion. It was also at times deployed in conquering and occupying foreign possessions, in protecting mining expeditions to the Sinai and Nubia, and in garrisoning forts along important trade routes, especially in Nubia.

Egyptian Tourism Authority - Cairo

Religion The ancient Egyptians worshipped many gods and goddesses. These included Ra, the sun god; Isis, the goddess of nature and magic; Horus, the god of war; and Osiris, the god of the dead.

The pantheon of gods and goddesses gradually changed over time, as new gods became more important, and some less so. The rise and fall of gods and goddesses seems to have mirrored the political fortunes of the different temples and priesthoods. For example, when the rulers of Thebes became kings of all Egypt, and founded the New Kingdom, its local god Amun became the chief god, and was united with Ra to become Amun-Ra.

Gods were worshipped in temples run by priests. These were not apparently places of public worship: Only on occasions was the god brought out and shown to the public. Small domestic statues were used by normal Egyptians to worship the gods and goddesses in their own homes.

Charms and amulets were worn for protection against the forces of evil. Egyptian religious beliefs about the afterlife also changed over time. In early times, the afterlife seems to have been intimately connected to the preservation of the physical body by mummification.

This always retained some force. However, the idea grew up that human beings are composed of both physical and spiritual aspects.The Nile made it possible for the people of ancient Egypt to form the first nation in history.

A nation may refer to a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnic background or history. Everything you wanted to know about The Nile River in Egypt.

Egypt and the nile

Nile Cruise Luxor offer luxury nile cruises luxor aswan. Our nile cruise boats make nile river cruise interesting and unique! The lifeline of some 90 million human beings, the river Nile is the focal point of urban planning, an incredible 6, km gift of sustenance for Egypt and three other countries, making it the longest, and arguably most vital, river in the world.

Nile Cruises. To fully discover the ancient wonders of Egypt, a cruise on the River Nile is truly an unforgettable experience. The Nile River has been Egypt's lifeline since ancient times and there is no better way to trace the passage of Egypt's history than to follow the course of the Nile.

Egypt's people are highly urbanised, being concentrated along the Nile (notably Cairo and Alexandria), in the Delta and near the Suez Canal. Egyptians are divided demographically into those who live in the major urban centres and the fellahin, or farmers, that reside in rural villages.

Egypt - Wikipedia