The Second Industrial Revolution brought unity and prosperity to the once uneconomical Europe. Products such as railroads, coal, iron, and textiles, as well as the discovery of electricity, and use of chemicals, petroleum, and steel, are all contributes December 8, By:
The Second Industrial Revolution and International Revolutions Historical Development of a Digital Computer The second industrial revolution marked a stage of a large revolt across the globe in terms of industrialization.
This actually started in Western Europe with the modern digital computer technology becoming widely used towards creating innovative progress in industries and other sectors. Digital computer replaced analogue computers that were used in the preceding revolution period.
Thus, the digital computer marked the beginning of information age. The computers operations accept inputs from human operators as well as provide result outputs to human consumers. The technology offers high memory used for data storage and each memory carries out distinct operations.
The digital computer has a controlling element that changes operational orders based on information stored in the memory. Peripheral devices fitted in the computer allow input of information from external sources and allows operational results to be sent out.
Thus, the first computer was to be designed was the Abacus followed by Colossus until the second industrial revolution when Vincent Atanasoff invented digital computers that are presently utilized. This paper will seek to outline the various refinements noted in the creation of the computer device to the present period.
As earlier noted, the first computer emerged about five hundred years ago in Asia Minor termed as the Abacus. It was considered as the first computer and it is still used up to the present within the same region.
The Abacus enabled the user to make various computations using the sliding system beads arranged on a rack. The technology was used by early merchants in making trade transactions. However, some people argue that the Abacus is not a computer but rather a spell checker tool controlled by humans in a way that provides answers to the problems.
It spread to Europe and took a long period of about twelve centuries until the next advancement of computers were made. Increased computer development projects funding by the government hastened the advancement phase.
ByKonrad Zuse developed a computer known as the Z3 for designing airplanes and missiles Ifrah, It was the first electronic programmable computer in the globe created by Tommy Flowers, William Chandler, and Sidney Broadhurst amongst other British members.
The computer initially began working in December and the first person to operate it was Bletchley Park in The Colossus used vacuum tubes in performing calculations. However, the Colossus affected computer development because of two reasons.
The first is that the Colossus was not a general-purpose computer because it was only invented for purposes of interpreting secret messages.
The other reason is that the computer was kept secret until the period after World War I. In addition, following the effect of Colossus in the computer development industry, Konrad Zuse, the civil engineer and computer pioneer in Germany decided to design another computer, which preceded the Colossus computer.
The Improved Z3 started its operations in May Konrad also created the S2 computing machine, which became the first process-controlled computer before further producing the Z4 that became the first commercial computer. When Konrad was working on the Z4 computer, he realized that the programming machine code was too problematical thus and he decided to work on designing a high-level programming computer.
The Colossus computer combined digital processes but it was partially programmable and electronic leading to the creation of another computer known as the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer ENIAC. It was effective and able to operate mathematical sequences but it was unable to read them from a tape.
Many scientists as well as industrialists were excited because of its mathematical power solution and general-purpose programmability. Later, another computer known as the Analog was developed; it was more advanced than the Abacus. The Analog became widely used especially in military war during the First World War.
This computer used continuously changeable aspects such as electrical mechanical and hydraulic quantities in solving required problems.
Mechanical analog computers, which were made in significant numbers, became vital in World War II particularly in gun fire control.
Electronic analog computers became practical especially when advanced with transistors and thus they became commonly used in science and industry sectors. Analog computers were developed in different varieties although they were viewed as being highly complicated. With time, the computer became more effective as it obtained accurate values as information was fed into digital computers through use of an iterative process in order to achieve the desired precision.The Industrial Revolution in Literature The rapid industrial growth that began in Great Britain during the middle of the eighteenth century and extended into the United States for the next The Industrial Revolution is easily one of the single most significant events in human history.
As a mechanism of social change, the Revolution spurred massive economic growth, urbanization, changed gender roles, broke apart traditional family structures, and paved the way for the development of the modern nation-state and global economy/5(11).
It should be noted that prior to the First Industrial Revolution, European society in general (and England, in particular) had displayed the features of pre-industrial economy: the economic surplus was almost zeroed; the economy was stagnant; agriculture was the basic economic activity; broader populations were not given a single opportunity to enjoy the benefits of higher living standards (Deane, ).
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transport, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions starting in . The Second Industrial Revolution brought unity and prosperity to the once uneconomical Europe.
Products such as railroads, coal, iron, and textiles, as well as the discovery of electricity, and use of chemicals, petroleum, and steel, are all contributes to what . Jan 02, · Effects Industrial Revolution Essays and Term Papers.
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1, Essays on Effects Industrial Revolution. The Second Industrial Revolution. The Second Industrial Revolution brought unity and prosperity to the once uneconomical Europe.
Products such as railroads, coal, iron, and textiles, as well as the.