Bosna i Hercegovina From the book "Politics of Genocide" author dr. Herman During the civil wars that accompanied the dismantling of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the s, the United States, Germany, NATO, and the European Union EU all sided with the national groups seeking to break away from the unified federal state, and opposed the national group that held out for the longest time to preserve it, the Serbs; this placed the Western bloc solidly behind the Croats and Slovenes, then the Bosnian Muslims, and finally the Kosovo Albanians. Because the wars were supported and even carried out by the NATO powers, and there was significant ethnic cleansing and ethnic killings, it goes almost without saying that not only "ethnic cleansing" but also the words "massacre" and "genocide" were quickly applied to Serb operations. Popular perceptions pertaining to the Bosnian Muslim government have been forged by a prolific propaganda machine.
Counselors should be especially aware of signs of suicidal ideation. A more common problem is, perhaps, the lack of identity and accompanying hopelessness that many offenders face. Some offenders feel relatively little anxiety regarding their incarceration, and many believe that being in prison and participating in prison culture are the norm.
Others feel they are the victims of society, and still others take pride in belonging to an alternative culture e. Unlike jail detainees, who are likely to be incarcerated for short terms, prisoners often learn to identify as inmates as a matter of survival.
In part, this is a result of institutional pressures on them, and partly it is the result of interactions with other inmates who have accepted the role or persona of a prisoner.
Gender-Specific Issues Gender in particular is a defining category for treatment and recovery in prison settings. Populations are segregated by gender so that in addition to the difference in psychosocial issues facing male and female inmates, the character and experience of men's and women's prisons are widely divergent.
Programs must be attuned to the differences inherent in treating men and women within a prison setting. Men in prisons The consensus panel suggests that, where possible, programs provide specific groups and educational curricula that emphasize the gender-specific aspects of treatment.
For example, issues related to relationships and to fatherhood should be explored. Fathers may be encouraged to participate in parenting education, with an emphasis on responsibilities and the impact of neglect, anger, and abuse on children. Employing both male and female counselors is helpful in an all-male program, as male inmates may be less guarded and confrontational with female staff.
Treatment staff also should focus on gender dynamics that affect many male participants' willingness to assess honestly their own conduct, typically including behaviors such as avoiding responsibility, excessively blaming others, and repressing feelings. For many incarcerated men, learning to express anger in healthy and constructive ways is vital.
Violence prevention groups may help participants explore thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are often the underpinnings of violent behavior and sexual aggression—issues such as a lack of empathy, narcissism, anger management problems, an overblown sense of entitlement, and the lack of effective thinking skills and sense of self-efficacy.
Research shows that sexual offenders may be at greater risk for violent assaults by other offenders Brady Women in prisons Incarcerated women typically have a constellation of high-risk environmental, medical, and mental health issues as well as behaviors associated with continued or renewed substance abuse CSAT b.
In the prison environment, these factors can operate as influences to relapse. They include antisocial behavior, emotional problems, the trauma of imprisonment, and the separation of the inmate from her family and loved ones, especially children.
Problematic behaviors and the attitudes that influence them have been developed over many years and often have their roots in childhood trauma. Often, the trauma and related negative influences of imprisonment counteract the value of services provided by the in-prison treatment provider.
Women inmates' identities in most cases are tied to one or more of these roles. For some women, interference with these roles produces stress because of the loss of affection and security normally provided by their families, which can also trigger substance abuse.
Women's Intensive Treatment Program View in own window National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA -sponsored research indicates that three frequent treatable problem areas in women's lives are substance abuse, recurring criminal behavior, and personality disorder.
The 9-month residential program is composed of individualized treatment planning, focused treatment modules, and work or school.The Aging Prison Population in the United States. research conducted by Human Rights Watch in nine states during of the elderly inmates in each of the states are serving sentences.
For almost years, the ACLU has worked to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the United States. Throughout this report, we will use the term “aging inmates” to refer to inmates age 50 and older and the term “younger inmates” to refer to inmates age 49 and younger.
The NIC is an agency within the BOP. This is a discussion of the various abuses of power which have been exhibited by the US government, often under the guise of 'fighting terrorism' or some other popular goal.
Includes news articles about the abuse of power and the perpetuation of government agencies which have too much power, too little restraint, and too many bad ideas.
Printed in the United States of America ISBN: Cover design by Rafael Jimenez Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world. At the end of , State and Federal prisons in the United States housed a total of 1,, inmates.
This meant that there were approximately sentenced inmates for every , United States .