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Image of Dresden during the s. A view from the town hall over the Altstadt old townEarly inthe German offensive known as the Battle of the Bulge had been exhausted, as was the disastrous attack by the Luftwaffe on New Year's Day involving elements of eleven combat wings of the Luftwaffe's day fighter force.
The German army was retreating on all fronts, but still resisting strongly. Alternatively, the report warned that the Germans might hold out until November if they could prevent the Soviets from taking Silesia. Hence, any assistance provided to the Soviets on the Eastern Front could shorten the war.
He passed on the request to Sir Charles Portalthe Chief of the Air Staffwho answered that "We should use available effort in one World war 1 questions attack on Berlin and attacks on Dresden, Leipzig, and Chemnitz, or any other cities where a severe blitz will not only cause confusion in the evacuation from the East, but will also hamper the movement of troops from the West.
Pray report to me tomorrow what is going to be done". Attacks there, where main railway junctions, telephone systems, city administration and utilities were located, would result in "chaos.
Bottomley's list included oil plants, tank and aircraft factories and the cities of Berlin and Dresden. The white areas were held by Germany, the rose ones by the Allies, and the bright-red colour denotes the Allied advances in the fronts.
Dresden was Germany's seventh-largest city and, according to the RAF at the time, the largest remaining unbombed built-up area. It also said there were barracks, hutted camps, and a munitions storage depot.
Cook, a US POW held in the Friedrichstadt marshaling yard the night before the attacks, later said that "I saw with my own eyes that Dresden was an armed camp: Dresden, the seventh largest city in Germany and not much smaller than Manchester is also the largest unbombed builtup area the enemy has got.
In the midst of winter with refugees pouring westward and troops to be rested, roofs are at a premium, not only to give shelter to workers, refugees, and troops alike, but to house the administrative services displaced from other areas.
At one time well known for its chinaDresden has developed into an industrial city of first-class importance The intentions of the attack are to hit the enemy where he will feel it most, behind an already partially collapsed front The Eighth Air Force had already bombed the railway yards near the centre of the city twice in daytime raids: It had been decided that the raid would be a double strike, in which a second wave of bombers would attack three hours after the first, just as the rescue teams were trying to put out the fires.
There was a huge uproar, since the Yalta agreement handed parts of Poland over to the Soviet Union.
There was talk of mutiny among the Polish pilots, and their British officers removed their side arms. The Polish Government ordered the pilots to follow their orders and fly their missions over Dresden, which they did.
The next set of aircraft to leave England were twin-engined Mosquito marker planeswhich would identify target areas and drop 1,pound target indicators TIs "  that created a red glow for the bombers to aim at. This group of Lancasters carried tons of high explosives and tons of incendiaries "fire bombs".
There wereincendiaries in all, with the high-explosive bombs ranging in weight from pounds to 4, pounds—the so-called two-ton cookies also known as "blockbusters," because they could destroy an entire large building or street. The high explosives were intended to rupture water mains and blow off roofs, doors, and windows to create an air flow to feed the fires caused by the incendiaries that followed.
By this time, ten of the Lancasters were out of service, leaving to continue to Dresden. Come in and bomb glow of red target indicators as planned. Bomb the glow of red TIs as planned. The fan-shaped area that was bombed was 1. The shape and total devastation of the area was created by the bombers of No.
The German sirens sounded again at The report by the 1st Bombardment Division's commander to his commander states that the targeting sequence was the centre of the built up area in Dresden if the weather was clear. If clouds obscured Dresden but Chemnitz was clear, Chemnitz was the target.
If both were obscured, they would bomb the centre of Dresden using H2X radar. Sixty bombed Praguedropping tons of bombs on the Czech city while others bombed Brux and Pilsen. The rd group arrived over Dresden 2 minutes after the th found that their view was obscured by clouds so they bombed Dresden using H2X radar to target this location.
The groups that followed the rd, 92nd, th, th, th and th also found Dresden obscured by clouds and they too used H2X to locate the target.
H2X aiming caused the groups to bomb with a wide dispersal over the Dresden area. The last group to bomb Dresden was the th and they had finished by He asserted in Dresden im Luftkrieg that only a few tales of civilians being strafed were reliable in details, and all were related to the daylight attack on 14 February.
He concluded that some memory of eyewitnesses was real, but that it had misinterpreted the firing in a dogfight as being deliberately aimed at people on the ground.Try our free World War 1 quiz.
Covers the causes of the war, key battles, important leaders, and the final resolution. This practice test includes challenging questions with answers and detailed explanations.
Play over , trivia quizzes and games! Movies, sports, TV, geography, and much more. Your HQ for over one million trivia questions on thousands of topics. How much do you know? Former United Nations employee Gerry Lane traverses the world in a race against time to stop the Zombie pandemic that is toppling armies and governments, and threatening to destroy humanity itself.
The First World War, known as the Great War and as World War One abbreviated WWI after , was a world conflict lasting from August to the final Armistice on November 11, World War I (–) quiz that tests what you know. Perfect prep for World War I (–) quizzes and tests you might have in school.
1. Identify and discuss the three most significant factors leading to the outbreak of World War I. 2. Investigate and discuss the ‘war readiness’ and military strengths and weaknesses of Europe’s major powers in