The term was extensively used to describe certain major New York City newspapers around as they battled for circulation. Hearst Etymology and early usage The term was coined in the mids to characterize the sensational journalism that used some yellow ink in the circulation war between Joseph Pulitzer 's New York World and William Randolph Hearst 's New York Journal.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman circa Gilman used her writing to explore the role of women in America during the late s and early s. She highlighted many issues such as the lack of a life outside the home and the oppressive forces of the patriarchal society.
While under the impression that husbands and male doctors were acting with their best interests in mind, women were depicted as mentally weak and fragile. Women were even discouraged from writing, because it would ultimately create an identity and become a form of defiance.
Gilman realized that writing became one of the only forms of existence for women at a time when they had very few rights. Weir Mitchelland convince him of the error of his ways".
She was forbidden to touch pen, pencil, or brush, and was allowed only two hours of mental stimulation a day.
After three months and almost desperate, Gilman decided to contravene her diagnosis, along with the treatment methods, and started to work again.
Aware of how close she had come to complete mental breakdown, the author wrote The Yellow Wallpaper Yellow paper additions and exaggerations to illustrate her own criticism for the medical field. Gilman sent a copy to Mitchell but never received a response. She added that The Yellow Wallpaper was "not intended to drive people crazy, but to save people from being driven crazy, and it worked".
Gilman claimed that many years later she learned that Mitchell had changed his treatment methods, but literary historian Julie Bates Dock has discredited this. Mitchell continued his methods, and as late as — 16 years after "The Yellow Wallpaper" was published — was interested in creating entire hospitals devoted to the "rest cure" so that his treatments would be more widely accessible.
Her ideas, though, are dismissed immediately while using language that stereotypes her as irrational and, therefore, unqualified to offer ideas about her own condition.
This interpretation draws on the concept of the " domestic sphere " that women were held in during this period. Although some claim the narrator slipped into insanity, others see the ending as a woman's assertion of agency in a marriage in which she felt trapped.
If the narrator were allowed neither to write in her journal nor to read, she would begin to "read" the wallpaper until she found the escape she was looking for.
Through seeing the women in the wallpaper, the narrator realizes that she could not live her life locked up behind bars. At the end of the story, as her husband lies on the floor unconscious, she crawls over him, symbolically rising over him.
This is interpreted as a victory over her husband, at the expense of her sanity. Lanser, a professor at Brandeis University, praises contemporary feminism and its role in changing the study and the interpretation of literature. Critics such as the editor of the Atlantic Monthly rejected the short story because "[he] could not forgive [himself] if [he] made others as miserable as [he] made [himself].
Lanser argues that the short story was a "particularly congenial medium for such a re-vision. At first she focuses on contradictory style of the wallpaper: She takes into account the patterns and tries to geometrically organize them, but she is further confused.
The wallpaper changes colors when it reflects light and emits a distinct odor which the protagonist cannot recognize p. At night the narrator is able to see a woman behind bars within the complex design of the wallpaper. Lanser argues that the unnamed woman was able to find "a space of text on which she can locate whatever self-projection".
Feminists have made a great contribution to the study of literature but, according to Lanser, are falling short because if "we acknowledge the participation of women writers and readers in dominant patterns of thought and social practice then perhaps our own patterns must also be deconstructed if we are to recover meanings still hidden or overlooked.
Cutter discusses how in many of Charlotte Perkins Gilman's works she addresses this "struggle in which a male-dominated medical establishment attempts to silence women.JAM Paper® Parchment Cardstock, x 11, 65lb Antique Gold Yellow Recycled, 50/pack ().
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